Articles in less obvious places

Ming Articles on History in Less-Obvious Venues

Sarah Schneewind has compiled a bibliography of articles on Ming topics found in less obvious places, and has kindly shared it with the Ming studies community.

This does not replace searches in Ming Studies and other East-Asia journals, even though some articles from such venues are included. Additional citations are welcome; please email. Errors are inevitable.

This bibliography is based on material in the Ming Studies Zotero group (Zotero users can access it here).

Adshead, Samuel Adrian M. Material Culture in Europe and China, 1400-1800: The Rise of Consumerism. Houndsmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : New York: Macmillan ; St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

Agnew, Christopher S. “Migrants and Mutineers: The Rebellion of Kong Youde and Seventeenth-Century Northeast Asia.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 52, no. 3 (January 1, 2009): 505–41.

Andrade, Tonio. “The Company’s Chinese Pirates: How the Dutch East India Company Tried to Lead a Coalition of Pirates to War against China, 1621-1662.” Journal of World History 15, no. 4 (2004): 415–44. doi:10.1353/jwh.2005.0124.

Andrea Breard. “Knowledge and Practice of Mathematics in Late Ming Daily Life Encyclopedias.” In Looking at It from Asia: The Processes That Shaped the Sources of History of Science, 305–29. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol.265. Dordrecht, The Netherlands; New York: Springer, n.d.

André, James St. “Picturing Judge Bao in Ming Shangtu Xiawen Fiction.” Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews (CLEAR) 24 (December 1, 2002): 43–73. doi:10.2307/823476.

Antonia Finnane. “Langxian’s ‘Siege at Yangzhou’: A Post-Ming Reading [Ming Period Tale Set during an Extended Siege of Yangzhou in the Tang Period].” In Power and Identity in the Chinese World Order: Festschrift in Honour of Professor Wang Gungwu, 331–52. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2003.

Atwell, William S. “Ming Observers of Ming Decline: Some Chinese Views on the ‘Seventeenth-Century Crisis’ in Comparative Perspective.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, no. 2 (January 1, 1988): 316–48.

Bagley, Robert. “Ornament, Representation, and Imaginary Animals in Bronze Age China.” Arts Asiatiques 61, no. 1 (2006): 17–29. doi:10.3406/arasi.2006.1636.

BAI, QIANSHEN. “Calligraphy for Negotiating Everyday Life: The Case of Fu Shan (1607—1684).” Asia Major, THIRD SERIES, 12, no. 1 (January 1, 1999): 67–125.

Barbara Bisetto. “Perceiving Death: The Representation of Suicide in Ming Vernacular Literature.” In From Skin to Heart: Perceptions of Emotions and Bodily Sensations in Traditional Chinese Culture, 151–63. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 151AD.

Benjamin A. Elman. “The Historicization of Classical Learning in Ming-Ch’ing China.” In Turning Points in Historiography: A Cross-Cultural Perspective., 2002.

Berg, Daria. “Courtesan Editor.” T’oung Pao 99, no. 1–3 (January 1, 2013): 173–211. doi:10.1163/15685322-9913P0005.

———. “Reformer, Saint, and Savior: Visions of the Great Mother in the Novel Xingshi Yinyuan Zhuan and Its Seventeenth-Century Chinese Context.” NAN NÜ 1, no. 2 (January 1, 1999): 237–67. doi:10.1163/156852699X00027.

Besio, Kimberly. “A Friendship of Metal and Stone: Representations of Fan Juqing and Zhang Yuanbo in the Ming Dynasty.” NAN NÜ 9, no. 1 (January 1, 2007): 111–45. doi:10.1163/138768007X171731.

Biran, Michal. “The Mongol Empire in World History: The State of the Field.” History Compass 11, no. 11 (2013): 1021–33. doi:10.1111/hic3.12095.

Blanchard, Lara C. W. “A Scholar in the Company of Female Entertainers: Changing Notions of Integrity in Song to Ming Dynasty Painting.” NAN NÜ 9, no. 2 (November 1, 2007): 189–246. doi:10.1163/138768007X244343.

Bourgon, Jérôme. “The Principle of Legality and Legal Rules in the Chinese Legal Tradition.” In China, Democracy, and Law: A Historical and Contemporary Approach, Edited by Mireille Delmas-Marty and Pierre-Étienne Will, 169–88. Leiden: Brill, 2007.

Brook, Timothy. “The Merchant Network in 16th Century China: A Discussion and Translation of Zhang Han’s ‘On Merchants.’” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 24, no. 2 (May 1, 1981): 165–214. doi:10.2307/3631994.

“Buddhism and the Medical Treatment of Women in the Ming Dynasty: A Research Note.” NAN NÜ 10, no. 2 (November 1, 2008): [279, 305] – [325, 304]. doi:10.1163/138768008X368237.

Cahill, James. “Paintings Done for Women in Ming-Qing China?” NAN NÜ 8, no. 1 (January 1, 2006): 1–54. doi:10.1163/156852606777374637.

———. “Tang Yin and Wen Zhengming as Artist Types: A Reconsideration.” Artibus Asiae 53, no. 1/2 (January 1, 1993): 228–48. doi:10.2307/3250516.

Cammann, Schuyler. “A Ming Dynasty Pantheon Painting.” Archives of the Chinese Art Society of America 18 (January 1, 1964): 38–47.

———. “Ming Festival Symbols.” Archives of the Chinese Art Society of America 7 (January 1, 1953): 66–70.

Campany, Rob. “Cosmogony and Self-Cultivation: The Demonic and the Ethical in Two Chinese Novels.” The Journal of Religious Ethics 14, no. 1 (April 1, 1986): 81–112.

Carlitz, Katherine. “Mourning, Personality, Display.” NAN NÜ 15, no. 1 (January 1, 2013): 30–68. doi:10.1163/15685268-0004A0004.

———. “Passion and Chastity: Meng Chengshun and the Fall of the Ming,” 193–210, 2009.

———. “State of the Field: The Study of Ming Literature in North America, 1995-2011.” Ming Studies, no. 63 (2011): 5–8. doi:10.1179/175975911X13115903979511.

———. “THE DAUGHTER, THE SINGING-GIRL, AND THE SEDUCTION OF SUICIDE.” NAN NÜ 3, no. 1 (June 1, 2001): 22–46. doi:10.1163/156852601750122982.

———. “Weeping, Blushing, and Giving Way to Desire in Ming Dynasty Fiction and Drama.” In From Skin to Heart: Perceptions of Emotions and Bodily Sensations in Traditional Chinese Culture, 229–48, 2006.

Cass, Victoria B. “Female Healers in the Ming and the Lodge of Ritual and Ceremony.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 106, no. 1 (January 1, 1986): 233–45. doi:10.2307/602374.

Chang, Kuei-Sheng. “Africa and the Indian Ocean in Chinese Maps of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries.” Imago Mundi 24 (January 1, 1970): 21–30.

Chang, Sen-Dou. “Some Observations on the Morphology of Chinese Walled Cities.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 60, no. 1 (March 1, 1970): 63–91.

Chan, Hok-lam. “Legitimating Usurpation: Historical Revisions under the Ming Yongle Emperor (r. 1402-1424).” In The Legitimation of New Orders: Case Studies in World History, n.d.


———. “Ming Taizu’s ‘Placards’ on Harsh Regulations and Punishments Revealed in Gu Qiyuan’s ‘Kezuo Zhuiyu.’” Asia Major, THIRD SERIES, 22, no. 1 (January 1, 2009): 13–39.

Chan, Hok-Lam. “The ‘Chinese Barbarian Officials’ in the Foreign Tributary Missions to China during the Ming Dynasty.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 88, no. 3 (July 1, 1968): 411–18. doi:10.2307/596866.

Chan, Hok-lam. “The Inauguration of the Ming Dynasty: A Reappraisal of the Origin of the Dynastic Name and Related Fire Cosmic Symbol.” In Towards a History of Translating: In Commemoration of the 40th Anniversary of the Research Centre for Translation, the Chinese University of Hong Kong . Hong Kong: Research Centre for Translation, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2013.

———. “The Rise of Ming T’ai-Tsu (1368-98): Facts and Fictions in Early Ming Official Historiography.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 95, no. 4 (October 1, 1975): 679–715. doi:10.2307/601024.

Chan, Hok-Lam. “The ‘Song’ Dynasty Legacy: Symbolism and Legitimation from Han Liner to Zhu Yuanzhang of the Ming Dynasty.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 68, no. 1 (June 1, 2008): 91–133.

Charlotte Furth. “Solitude, Silence and Concealment: Boundaries of the Social Body in Ming Dynasty China.” In Chinese Concepts of Privacy, 2002.

Chen, Juanjuan; Huang, Nengfu. “Silk Fabrics of the Ming Dynasty.” In Chinese Silks, 369–429. New Haven, Conn: Yale UP, 2012.

Chen, Sanping. “‘Age Inflation and Deflation’ in Medieval China.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 133, no. 3 (September 1, 2013): 527–33. doi:10.7817/jameroriesoci.133.3.0527.

Chia, Lucille. “The Butcher, the Baker, and the Carpenter: Chinese Sojourners in the Spanish Philippines and Their Impact on Southern Fujian (Sixteenth-Eighteenth Centuries).” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 49, no. 4 (January 1, 2006): 509–34.

Chiang, Tao-Chang. “The Salt Industry of Ming China.” Geographical Review 65, no. 1 (January 1, 1975): 93–106. doi:10.2307/213835.

Ching, Julia. “Chu Shun-Shui, 1600-82. A Chinese Confucian Scholar in Tokugawa Japan.” Monumenta Nipponica 30, no. 2 (July 1, 1975): 177–91. doi:10.2307/2383841.

Chow, Kai-wing. “Writing for Success: Printing, Examinations, and Intellectual Change in Late Ming China.” Late Imperial China 17, no. 1 (1996): 120–57. doi:10.1353/late.1996.0006.

Chuan, Hang-sheng. “The Chinese Silk Trade with Spanish-America from the Late Ming to the Mid-Ch’ing Period.” In European Entry into the Pacific: Spain and the Acapulco-Manila Galleons, 241–59, 2001.

Clunas, Craig. “Antiquarian Politics and the Politics of Antiquarianism in Ming Regional Courts.” In Reinventing the Past: Archaism and Antiquarianism in Chinese Art and Visual Culture, 229–54, 2010.

———. “Modernity Global and Local: Consumption and the Rise of the West.” The American Historical Review 104, no. 5 (December 1, 1999): 1497–1511. doi:10.2307/2649347.

Collins, Randall. “Turning Points, Bottlenecks, and the Fallacies of Counterfactual History.” Sociological Forum 22, no. 3 (September 1, 2007): 247–69.

Crawford, Robert B., Harry M. Lamley, and Albert B. Mann. “Fang Hsiao-Ju 方孝需 in the Light of Early Ming Society.” Monumenta Serica 15, no. 2 (January 1, 1956): 303–27.

Cua, A. S. “Between Commitment and Realization: Wang Yang-Ming’s Vision of the Universe as a Moral Community.” Philosophy East and West 43, no. 4 (October 1, 1993): 611–47. doi:10.2307/1399206.

Cuncun, Wu. “‘It Was I Who Lured the Boy’: Commoner Women, Intimacy and the Sensual Body in the Song Collections of Feng Menglong (1574-1646).” NAN NÜ 12, no. 2 (December 1, 2010): 311–43. doi:10.1163/156852610X545877.

Dalporto, Jeannie. “The Succession Crisis and Elkanah Settle’s ‘The Conquest of China by the Tartars.’” The Eighteenth Century 45, no. 2 (July 1, 2004): 131–46.

Dardess, John. “Ming T’ai-Tsu on the Yüan: An Autocrat’s Assessment of the Mongol Dynasty.” Bulletin of Sung and Yüan Studies, no. 14 (January 1, 1978): 6–11.

Dardess, John W. “A Ming Landscape: Settlement, Land Use, Labor, and Estheticism in T’ai-Ho County, Kiangsi.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 49, no. 2 (December 1, 1989): 295–364. doi:10.2307/2719257.

———. “The Cheng Communal Family: Social Organization and Neo-Confucianism in Yüan and Early Ming China.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 34 (January 1, 1974): 7–52. doi:10.2307/2718695.

———. “The Transformations of Messianic Revolt and the Founding of the Ming Dynasty.” The Journal of Asian Studies 29, no. 3 (May 1, 1970): 539–58. doi:10.2307/2943243.

Dauncey, Sarah. “BONDING, BENEVOLENCE, BARTER, AND BRIBERY: IMAGES OF FEMALE GIFT EXCHANGE IN THE JIN PING MEI.” NAN NÜ 5, no. 2 (October 1, 2003): 203–39. doi:10.1163/156852603322691128.

Davis, Tenney L., and Chao Yün-ts’ung. “The Secret Papers in the Jade Box of Ch’Ing-Hua.” Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 73, no. 13 (July 1, 1940): 385–89. doi:10.2307/25130202.

Deane, Thatcher E. “Instruments and Observation at the Imperial Astronomical Bureau during the Ming Dynasty.” Osiris, 2nd Series, 9 (January 1, 1994): 126–40.

Dean, Kenneth. “The Growth of Local Control over Cultural and Environmental Resources in Ming and Qing Coast Fujian.” In The People and the Dao: New Studies in Chinese Religions in Honour of Daniel L. Overmyer, 219–48. Sankt Augustin: Institut Monumenta Serica, 2009.

DeBlasi, Anthony. “A Parallel World: A Case Study of Monastic Society, Northern Song to Ming.” Journal of Song-Yuan Studies, no. 28 (January 1, 1998): 155–75.

Deng, Gang. “The Foreign Staple Trade of China in the Pre-Modern Era.” The International History Review 19, no. 2 (May 1, 1997): 253–85.

Dennis O. Flynn and Arturo Giraldez. “Money and Growth without Development: The Case of Ming China.” In Asia Pacific Dynamism, 1500-2000, 199–215. London: Routledge, 2000.

Ditmanson, Peter. “Venerating the Martyrs of the 1402 Usurpation: History and Memory in the Mid and Late Ming Dynasty.” T’oung Pao, Second Series, 93, no. 1/3 (January 1, 2007): 110–58.

Dodgen, Randall. “Hydraulic Religion: Cults in the Ming and Qing.” Modern Asian Studies 33, no. 04 (1999): 815–33.

Dreyer, Edward L. “The Chi-Shih-Lu of Yu Pen: A Note on the Sources for the Founding of the Ming Dynasty.” The Journal of Asian Studies 31, no. 4 (August 1, 1972): 901–4. doi:10.2307/2052108.

Dubs, Homer H., and Robert S. Smith. “Chinese in Mexico City in 1635.” The Far Eastern Quarterly 1, no. 4 (August 1, 1942): 387–89. doi:10.2307/2048930.

Dunstan, Helen. “The Late Ming Epidemics: A Preliminary Survey.” Ch’ing-Shih Wen-T’i 3, no. 3 (1975): 1–59.

Du, Shengyun. “Chinese Astronomy after Guo Shoujing to the Early Days of the Ming Dynasty.” In Oriental Astronomy from Guo Shoujing to King Sejong: Proceedings of an International Conference, Seoul, Korea, 6-11 October, 1993, 49–52, n.d.

Du, Yongtao. “Locality, Literati, and the Imagined Spatial Order: A Case of Huizhou, 1200-1550.” Journal of Song-Yuan Studies 42, no. 1 (2013): 407–44. doi:10.1353/sys.2013.0006.

Eberhard, Wolfram. “TEMPLE-BUILDING ACTIVITIES IN MEDIEVAL AND MODERN CHINA. An Experimental Study.” Monumenta Serica 23 (January 1, 1964): 264–318.

Egan, Ronald. The Problem of Beauty: Aesthetic Thought and Pursuits in Northern Song Dynasty China. Harvard East Asian Monographs 271. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Asia Center : Distributed by Harvard University Press, 2006.

Eiland, Murray L., III. “Carpets of the Ming Dynasty?” East and West 53, no. 1–4 (2003): 179–208.

Elliot Sperling and Anne Chayet. “Did the Ming and Qing Dynasties Continue to Exercise the Sovereignty over Tibet Established by the Yuan Dynasty?” In Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China’s 100 Questions, 18–33. University of California Press, 2008.

Elman, Benjamin A. “Imperial Politics and Confucian Societies in Late Imperial China: The Hanlin and Donglin Academies.” Modern China 15, no. 4 (October 1, 1989): 379–418.

———. “Political, Social, and Cultural Reproduction via Civil Service Examinations in Late Imperial China.” The Journal of Asian Studies 50, no. 1 (February 1, 1991): 7–28. doi:10.2307/2057472.

Evans, Laurence. “Junks, Rice, and Empire: Civil Logistics and the Mandate of Heaven.” Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques 11, no. 3 (October 1, 1984): 271–313.

Fang, Chaoying. “Notes on the Chinese Jews of Kaifeng.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 85, no. 2 (April 1, 1965): 126–29. doi:10.2307/597982.

Fang, Qiang. “Hot Potatoes: Chinese Complaint Systems from Early Times to the Late Qing (1898).” The Journal of Asian Studies 68, no. 4 (November 1, 2009): 1105–35.

Faure, David. “The Yao Wars in the Mid-Ming and Their Impact on Yao Ethnicity.” In Empire at the Margins: Culture, Ethnicity, and Frontier in Early Modern China, 171–89, 2006.

Fei, Siyen. “We Must Be Taxed”: A Case of Populist Urban Fiscal Reform In Ming Nanjing (1368–1644).” Late Imperial China 28, no. 2 (2007): 1–40.

Fisher, Tom. “`The Play’s the Thing’: Wu Han and Hai Rui Revisited.” The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, no. 7 (January 1, 1982): 1–35. doi:10.2307/2158821.

Fogel, Joshua A. Sagacious Monks and Bloodthirsty Warriors Chinese Views of Japan in the Ming-Qing Period. Norwalk, CT: EastBridge, 2002.

Fong, Grace. “Writing from Experience: Personal Records of War and Disorder in Jiangnan during the Ming-Qing Transition.” In Military Culture in Imperial China, 257–77, 2009.

Fong, Grace S. “SIGNIFYING BODIES: THE CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF SUICIDE WRITINGS BY WOMEN IN MING-QING CHINA.” NAN NÜ 3, no. 1 (June 1, 2001): 105–42. doi:10.1163/156852601750123017.

Foon, Ming Liew. “The Aboriginal Tribes and the Tribal Principalities in Yunnan as Presented in the Ming and Early Qing Historiography: A Preliminary Survey.” In Cultural Diversity and Conservation in the Making of Mainland Southeast Asia and Southwestern China: Regional Dynamics in the Past and Present, 144–86. Kyoto: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, 2003.

Fuehrer, Bernard. “An Innocuous Quotation or a Case of Impiety? Mr. Zhang and Literary Persecution under the First Ming Emperor.” In China in Seinen Biographischen Dimensionen: Gedenkschrift Für Helmut Martin = China and Her Biographical Dimensions: Commemorative Essays for Helmut Martin , 75–81, 2001.

Furth, Charlotte. “Solitude, Silence and Concealment: Boundaries of the Social Body in Ming Dynasty China.” In Chinese Concepts of Privacy, Edited by Bonnie S. McDougall and Anders Hansson, 27–53. Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Geoff Wade. “Ming Chinese Colonial Armies in Southeast Asia.” In Colonial Armies in Southeast Asia, 73–104. London: Routledge, 2006.

Gerritsen, Anne. “Fragments of a Global Past: Ceramics Manufacture in Song-Yuan-Ming Jingdezhen.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 52, no. 1 (January 1, 2009): 117–52.

———. “Friendship through Fourteenth-Century Fissures: Dai Liang, Wu Sidao and Ding Henian.” NAN NÜ 9, no. 1 (January 1, 2007): 34–69. doi:10.1163/138768007X171713.

Glahn, Richard Von. “The Enchantment of Wealth: The God Wutong in the Social History of Jiangnan.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 51, no. 2 (December 1, 1991): 651–714. doi:10.2307/2719290.

Glahn, Richard von. “Monies of Account and Monetary Transition in China, Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 53, no. 3 (January 1, 2010): 463–505.

———. “Municipal Reform and Urban Social Conflict in Late Ming Jiangnan.” The Journal of Asian Studies 50, no. 2 (May 1, 1991): 280–307. doi:10.2307/2057209.

———. “Myth and Reality of China’s Seventeenth-Century Monetary Crisis.” The Journal of Economic History 56, no. 2 (June 1, 1996): 429–54.

Grafflin, Dennis. “Geomantic Cliché and Geomagnetic Puzzle.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 105, no. 2 (April 1, 1985): 315–16. doi:10.2307/601711.

Grant, Beata. “Da Zhangfu: The Gendered Rhetoric of Heroism and Equality in Seventeenth-Century Chan Buddhist Discourse Records.” NAN NÜ 10, no. 2 (November 1, 2008): 177–211. doi:10.1163/138768008X368200.

———. “Female Holder of the Lineage: Linji Chan Master Zhiyuan Xinggang (1597-1654).” Late Imperial China 17, no. 2 (1996): 51–76. doi:10.1353/late.1996.0009.

Grayson, James H. Korea – A Religious History. Routledge, 2013.

Gregory N. Evon. “Ming Archaism (????) in Eighteenth-Century Chos?n Korea: A Sketch of the Intellectual Foundations of a Literary Question.” Han Mun Hak Bo 30 (n.d.): 198–224.

Gungwu Wang. “Sung-Yuan-Ming Relations with Southeast Asia: Some Comparisons.” In International Conference on Sinology (2nd: 1986: Taipei, Taiwan) Zhong Yang Yan Jiu Yuan Di 2 Jie Guo Ji Han Xue Hui Yi Lun Wen Ji: Zhonghua Min Guo Qi Shi Wu Nian Shi Er Yue Nian Jiu Ri Zhi Sa Yi Ri. [3] Li Shi Yu Kao Gu Zu. , 1115–27. Taibei: Zhong yang yan jiu yuan, 1989.

Guo, Shirong. “The Influence of Yang Hui’s Works on the Mathematical Mainstream in the Ming Dynasty.” In Historical Perspectives on East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine, 358–67, 2001.

Habig, Marion A. “MARIGNOLLI AND THE DECLINE OF MEDIEVAL MISSIONS IN CHINA.” Franciscan Studies, New Series, 5, no. 1 (March 1, 1945): 21–36.

Hall, Kenneth R. “Local and International Trade and Traders in the Straits of Melaka Region: 600-1500.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 47, no. 2 (January 1, 2004): 213–60.

Hambleton, Luke. “An Ambush of Tigers: A Socio-Ecological History of the Ming-Qing Fujian Tiger Menace.” In Chinese History in Geographical Perspective, 103–20, 2013.

Hanson, Marta E. “Depleted Men, Emotional Women: Gender and Medicine in the Ming Dynasty.” NAN NÜ 7, no. 2 (July 1, 2005): 287–304. doi:10.1163/156852605775248694.

Hardie, Alison. “The Life of a Seventeenth-Century Chinese Garden Designer: ‘The Biography of Zhang Nanyuan,’ by Wu Weiye (1609-71).” Garden History 32, no. 1 (April 1, 2004): 137–40. doi:10.2307/1587318.

Hayden, George A. “The Courtroom Plays of The Yüan and Early Ming Periods.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 34 (January 1, 1974): 192–220. doi:10.2307/2718700.

Hearn, Maxwell K. “An Early Ming Example of Multiples: Two Versions of Elegant Gathering in the Apricot Garden [versions in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York) and the Zhenjiang Municipal Museum].” In Issues of Authenticity in Chinese Painting, 221–56, 1999.

Hecker, Felicia J. “A Fifteenth-Century Chinese Diplomat in Herat.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, 3, no. 1 (April 1, 1993): 85–98.

Hemmat, Kaveh Louis. “Children of Cain in the Land of Error: A Central Asian Merchant’s Treatise on Government and Society in Ming China.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 30, no. 3 (2010): 434–48.

He, Yuming. “Difficulties of Performance: The Musical Career of Xu Wei’s: ‘The Mad Drummer.’” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 68, no. 2 (December 1, 2008): 77–114.

HE, YUMING. “The Book and the Barbarian in Ming China and Beyond: The Luo Chong Lu, or ‘Record of Naked Creatures.’” Asia Major, THIRD SERIES, 24, no. 1 (January 1, 2011): 43–85.

HO KOON-PIU. “Should We Die as Martyrs to the Ming Cause? Scholar-Officials’ Views on Martyrdom During the Ming-Qing Transition.” Oriens Extremus 37.2 (1994).

Ho, Ping-Ti. “The Introduction of American Food Plants into China.” American Anthropologist, New Series, 57, no. 2 (April 1, 1955): 191–201.

Hsieh, B. H. “From Charwoman to Empress Dowager: Serving-Women in the Ming Palace.” Ming Studies, no. 42 (1999): 26–80.

Hsuan-Chih, Tai, and Ronald Suleski. “Origin of the Heaven and Earth Society.” Modern Asian Studies 11, no. 3 (January 1, 1977): 405–25.

Hsu, Carmen Y. “Writing on Behalf of a Christian Empire: Gifts, Dissimulation, and Politics in the Letters of Philip II of Spain to Wanli of China.” Hispanic Review 78, no. 3 (July 1, 2010): 323–44.

Hsu, Pi-ching. “Courtesans and Scholars in the Writings of Feng Menglong: Transcending Status and Gender.” NAN NÜ 2, no. 1 (January 1, 2000): 40–77. doi:10.1163/156852600750072303.

———. “Feng Meng-Lung’s Treasury of Laughs: Humorous Satire on Seventeenth- Century Chinese Culture and Society.” The Journal of Asian Studies 57, no. 4 (November 1, 1998): 1042–67. doi:10.2307/2659303.

Huang, Dun. “From Domination of the Chancellery Style to Liberation of the Self: Calligraphy of the Ming Dynasty.” In Out of Character: Decoding Chinese Calligraphy, 303–37, 2008.

Huang, Junjie, and Erik J. Zürcher. Norms and the State in China. BRILL, 1993.

Huang, Martin W. “Male Friendship and Jiangxue (Philosophical Debates) in Sixteenth-Century China.” NAN NÜ 9, no. 1 (January 1, 2007): 146–78. doi:10.1163/138768007X171740.

———. “Male Friendship in Ming China: An Introduction.” NAN NÜ 9, no. 1 (January 1, 2007): 2–33. doi:10.1163/138768007X171704.

———. “Male-Male Sexual Bonding and Male Friendship in Late Imperial China.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 22, no. 2 (2013): 312–31.

———. “Negotiating Wifely Virtues.” NAN NÜ 15, no. 1 (January 1, 2013): 109–36. doi:10.1163/15685268-0006A0006.

Hucker, Charles O. “Governmental Organization of The Ming Dynasty.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 21 (December 1, 1958): 1–66. doi:10.2307/2718619.

———. “The Traditional Chinese Censorate and The New Peking Regime.” The American Political Science Review 45, no. 4 (December 1, 1951): 1041–57. doi:10.2307/1951246.

Hvistendahl, Mara. “Rebuilding a Treasure Ship.” Archaeology 61, no. 2 (March 1, 2008): 40–45.

Ian McMorran. “Ming Loyalism and Historical Fiction: Notes on Some Examples from Ming-Qing Literature [Shuibu Bouzhuan, Qian Zhong Lu, Qingzhong Pu, Nuxian Waishi, Etc.].” In A Birthday Book for Brother Stone: For David Hawkes, at Eighty, 213–24. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 2003.

Idema, Wilt L. “Bo Shaojun and Her One Hundred Poems Lamenting My Husband.” NAN NÜ 15, no. 2 (January 1, 2013): 317–32. doi:10.1163/15685268-0152P0004.


Israel, Larry. “The Prince and the Sage: Concerning Wang Yangming’s ‘Effortless’ Suppression of the Ning Princely Establishment Rebellion.” Late Imperial China 29, no. 2 (2008): 68–128. doi:10.1353/late.0.0012.

Jackman, Robert W. “Response: Response to Aldrich’s ‘Rational Choice and Turnout’: Rationality and Political Participation.” American Journal of Political Science 37, no. 1 (February 1, 1993): 279–90. doi:10.2307/2111532.

Jacobs, J Bruce. “Democracy and China.” Economic and Political Weekly 26, no. 33 (August 17, 1991): 1905–6.

J.A.G. Roberts. “China: The Ming 1368-1644.” In The Great Empires of Asia., 46–71. University of California Press, 2010.

Jang, Scarlett. “Form, Content, and Audience: A Common Theme in Painting and Woodblock-Printed Books of the Ming Dynasty.” Ars Orientalis 27 (January 1, 1997): 1–26.

Jayne, Horace H. F. “The Evil That Men Do.” Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin 53, no. 255 (October 1, 1957): 13–14. doi:10.2307/3795124.

Jenco, Leigh Kathryn. “‘What Does Heaven Ever Say?’ A Methods-Centered Approach to Cross-Cultural Engagement.” The American Political Science Review 101, no. 4 (November 1, 2007): 741–55.

Jiang, Jin. “Heresy and Persecution in Late Ming Society: Reinterpreting the Case of Li Zhi.” Late Imperial China 22, no. 2 (2001): 1–34. doi:10.1353/late.2001.0009.

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